There are several nephritic syndrome examples. Each of these syndromes is characterized by different clinical findings, which depend on the cause and severity of the condition. Management of each condition starts with treating the underlying cause. In some cases, genetic modifiers play a role. Some symptoms may be indicative of another condition. However, there are also many similarities between nephritic syndromes.
The symptoms of nephritic syndrome include fluid retention, blood in the urine, and swelling of the hands and ankles. In more severe cases, genital and periorbital edema may develop. Other complications may include ascites and pleural effusion. A doctor should be consulted if new edema occurs. Nephrotic syndrome can be aggravated by certain medical conditions, including diabetes.
Proteinuria is a symptom of nephrotic syndrome, which may be caused by a variety of diseases. People with this disorder have protein in their urine, which is the result of inflammation. In some cases, patients will also notice blood in urine. The doctor will have to order blood tests to diagnose nephritic syndrome. A urine sample can be examined for protein levels, and a kidney biopsy may be recommended for further testing. However, renal biopsy is not always necessary. Usually, treatment for this syndrome involves fluid restriction and high-dose diuretic therapy.
Other symptoms of nephritic syndrome include chronic kidney disease, blood infections, and other conditions. A doctor will do blood tests to rule out other illnesses and examine the kidney’s function. Blood tests for these conditions involve drawing blood from the patient and sending it to a laboratory. They will also check the cholesterol and albumin levels in the blood. The results are used to diagnose the underlying cause.