Although nephrotic syndrome can affect both boys and girls, it affects most children between the ages of two and five. The condition typically affects boys and affects about one out of every fifty children each year. It’s more common in Asian and allergy-prone families. Symptoms are usually controlled with steroid medication, but the disease can also be inherited. If left untreated, nephrotic syndrome can lead to kidney failure.
Patients with nephrotic syndrome usually have first-degree edema and a swollen face, but the disease can also develop into thrombotic consequences in adults. A urine dipstick test can confirm the diagnosis if there is a significant change in colour. A child may need to undergo a kidney biopsy if there is a suspicion of nephrotic syndrome Whotimes.
A physician can prescribe prednisolone to decrease the swelling in a patient with nephrotic syndrome. This medicine can also reduce protein in the urine. Diuretics may also be prescribed to help reduce the fluid in the body. Penicillin can also reduce the risk of infection. To prevent the onset of oedema, salt must be limited in the child’s diet. Pneumococcal vaccination is highly recommended for all children.
Prednisone is the first-line treatment for nephrotic syndrome. Other immunosuppressive medications are sometimes recommended. All glucocorticoids are effective for treating nephrotic syndrome. Diuretics help the body excrete water and treat edema. Plasma protein supplements diuresis and promote fluid shift from interstitial tissues. These treatments are recommended for children with minimal change in symptoms Starsfact.